World War 1 (1914 - 1918)


Image reproduced by permission of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Archibald Douglas Templeton

Service: Army
Unit: 8th Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
Rank: Lieutenant

Archibald, brother of Godfrey, was born in Glasgow in 1889. He was the eldest of four sons of Rev. Archibald Templeton M.D. and Elizabeth H. Templeton (née Aitken), latterly of Crookfur House, Newton Mearns. Before attending the Glasgow Academy, Archibald boarded at a small school in Morningside, Edinburgh.

Archibald was killed at Gallipoli on 28 June 1915, aged 25 and is commemorated on Helles Memorial, Turkey - Panel 92-97 and on the Glasgow Academy War Memorial and on the family gravestone in Glasgow Necropolis (the gravestone may now have fallen on its front).

The War Diaries show that the battalion landed at Cape Helles on 14 June (part of 156 Brigade, 52nd Division) having set out from Falkirk on 17 May. Nos.1 and 3 Companies, closely followed by No.4 Company, went over the parapet to attack the Turkish Army at 11:00 on 28 June following an artillery bombardment that had commenced at 09:00. Only a few men reached the Turkish trench as there were heavy casualties caused by Turkish machine gun fire from the right flank. At the same time many men from No.2 Company failed to reach the firing line from the support trench. At 11:15 it was realised that the attack had failed owing to the Turkish machine guns ‘not having been adequately shelled’. Men began to dribble back to the fire trench and the grass in front caught fire which probably accounted for the large number of men missing. The battalion was relieved and spent the night in the reserve and support trenches before returning to the rest camp the following night. With high losses in both the 1/8th and 1/7th Scottish Rifles, one composite battalion of three companies was formed.*


 *WW1 War Diaries (Gallipoli-Dardanelles) WO95 4321 Scottish Rifles 1915 May – 1916 Jan

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